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Geographical Indications

In compliance with the agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), India implemented the law on geographical indications, or appellations of origin as called in some jurisdictions, in 2003. The Indian Geographical Indications of Goods Act, 1999 lays down simple requirements for preferring an application to register a geographical indication. An application may be made, accompanied with details and documents, supporting:

  • how the indication serves to designate the goods as a geographical indication;
  • Class of goods;
  • territory from which the geographical indication originates;
  • particulars of its appearance;
  • particulars of the producers;
  • affidavit of how the applicant claims to represent an interested party;
  • standard benchmark or other characteristics of the geographical indication;
  • particulars of its special characteristics;
  • description of theproposed boundary;
  • growth attributes of the geographical indication pertinent to the application;
  • certified copies of a map of the territory;
  • descriptions of the special human skill involved, if any;
  • number of producers; and
  • particulars of inspection procedures to regulate the use of the geographical indication


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